Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common female endocrine disorders. PCOS is a complex, heterogeneous disorder of uncertain etiology, but there is strong evidence that it can to a large degree be classified as a genetic disease. It should be noted that most women with the condition have a number of small cysts in the ovaries
It is estimated that between 22 and 33 per cent of women have polycystic ovaries. Some women go on to develop polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which means they have other symptoms in addition to polycystic ovaries.
It is thought to be one of the leading causes of female subfertility and the most frequent endocrine problem in women of reproductive age.
PCOS happens when their hormonal system gets out of balance, making ovulation rare or irregular, and causing other changes in the body. Polycystic ovary syndrome is estimated to affect between 5 and 15 per cent of women of reproductive age, and it is thought to be more common in women of Asian descent.
What causes PCOS?
No one is quite sure what causes PCOS, and it is likely to be the result of a number of both genetic (inherited) as well as environmental factors. Women with PCOS often have a mother or sister with the condition, and researchers are examining the role that genetics or gene mutations might play in its development.
Majority of suffers have elevated insulin levels which leads to obesity and PCOS.
Too much luteinising hormone (LH) is produced compared to follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which in turn causes the follicles on the ovaries to produce more of the male hormone testosterone than the female hormone oestrogen. The adrenal glands start to produce increased amounts of testosterone as well.
Signs and Symptoms of PCOS
The principal signs and symptoms of PCOS are related to menstrual disturbances and elevated levels of male hormones (androgens). Menstrual disturbances can include delay of normal menstruation (primary amenorrhea), the presence of fewer than normal menstrual periods (oligomenorrhea), or the absence of menstruation for more than three months (secondary amenorrhea)
The following symptoms and signs are seen in PCOS • irregular or non-existent periods • very light (oligomenorrhea) or very heavy bleeding during your period • mild to moderate abdominal discomfort • excessive hair growth on your face, chest and lower abdomen (hirsutism) • acne with oily skin • excessive skin growth on your neck or in your armpit, also called as skin tags.
·Obesity ( over weight )
·Infertility: This generally results directly from chronic anovulation (lack of ovulation)
·Metabolic syndrome: This appears as a tendency towards central obesity and other symptoms associated with insulin resistance. Serum insulin, insulin resistance and homocysteine levels are higher in women with PCOS
elevated blood pressure, and
Multiple, small cysts in the ovaries.
elevated insulin levels and insulin resistance
Diagnosis of PCOS
·Gynecologic ultrasonography, specifically looking for small ovarian follicles.
·Laparoscopic examination may reveal a thickened, smooth, pearl-white outer surface of the ovary.
·Serum (blood) levels of androgens (male hormones), including androstenedione and testosterone may be elevated.
Managing your PCOS
Diet for PCOS
Some tips on what to do on diet for PCOD
Eat minimal amounts of carbohydrates — mainly taken from raw fruits and vegetables.
Always opt for natural or pure organic food instead of commercially prepared ones.
Always eat something with protein for every meal, mainly seafood, nuts, eggs and yogurt
Get rid of soft drinks and other sugary drinks and drink more than eight glasses of water every day.
Don’t eat too little or too much and instead aim for just the right amount of nutrition necessary for everyday use.
Make sure to avoid food that uses preservatives and additives as much as possible.
Coffee or anything with caffeine and alcohol should be avoided at all costs.
Eat foods rich in essential fatty acids like seed, nuts, salmon, mackerel and other oily fish.
Homeopathic remedies for pcos
A professional homeopath will holistically consider your PCOS condition and devise an appropriate remedy for you.
Caulophyllum, useful to women with a history of irregular periods, discomfort during periods and pain in the pelvic region. Weakness, exhaustion and want of tone are the keys to this remedy
Lachesis, which may be used to promote blood circulation to the reproductive organs, regulates menstruation cycles and correct uterine problems. When Left sided ovary is affected. The patient is hot. Symptoms aggravates after sleep.
Lycodium, which may relieve sweet cravings, insatiable appetites, extended periods, bloating, indigestion, constipation, insomnia and anxiety. When Right sided ovary is affected. Prescribed for hot patients.
Nat. Mur, which may reduce inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema and vertigo, and may alleviate PMS. It clears oily skin. For Sad and gloomy patient. Thermal is hot. Usually for young girls
Sepia, a general tonic for the female reproductive system, revitalizing the uterus, ovaries and vagina.
Pulsatilla. Scanty menstruation with absence of thirst. Patient will be mild and yielding. There will be an intolerance to fatty food.
Phosphorus, platina, calc carb, Ignatia ..etc can also be indicated.